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Detection of circumstellar CH2CHCN, CH2CN, CH3CCH and H2CS

AuthorsAgúndez, Marcelino CSIC ORCID; Fonfría, José Pablo CSIC ORCID; Cernicharo, José CSIC ORCID; Pardo Carrión, Juan Ramón CSIC ORCID ; Guélin, Michel
Circumstellar matter
Stars: Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) and post-AGB
Stars: carbon
Stars: Individual: IRC +102
Issue Date6-Dec-2007
AbstractWe report on the detection of vinyl cyanide (CH2CHCN), cyanomethyl radical (CH2CN), methylacetylene (CH3CCH) and thioformaldehyde (H2CS) in the C-rich star IRC +10216. These species, which are all known to exist in dark clouds, are detected for the first time in the circumstellar envelope around an AGB star. The four molecules have been detected trough pure rotational transitions in the course of a 3 mm line survey carried out with the IRAM 30-m telescope. The molecular column densities are derived by constructing rotational temperature diagrams. A detailed chemical model of the circumstellar envelope is used to analyze the formation of these molecular species. We have found column densities in the range 5 x 10^(12)- 2 x 10^(13) cm^(-2), which translates to abundances relative to H2 of several 10^(-9). The chemical model is reasonably successful in explaining the derived abundances through gas phase synthesis in the cold outer envelope. We also find that some of these molecules, CH2CHCN and CH2CN, are most probably excited trough infrared pumping to excited vibrational states. The detection of these species stresses the similarity between the molecular content of cold dark clouds and C-rich circumstellar envelopes. However, some differences in the chemistry are indicated by the fact that in IRC +10216 partially saturated carbon chains are present at a lower level than those which are highly unsaturated, while in TMC-1 both types of species have comparable abundances.
DescriptionBased on observations carried out with the IRAM 30-meter telescope. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany) and IGN (Spain).-- Accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysics.
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