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Title

Physico-biogeochemical controls on benthic pelagic coupling of nutrient fluxes and recycling in a coastal upwelling system

AuthorsDale, Andrew W.; Prego, R. CSIC ORCID
KeywordsUpwelling
Denitrification
Nitrogen
Sediment
Hydrodynamics
Benthic-pelagic coupling
Pontevedra ria
Galicia
Issue DateJun-2002
PublisherInter Research
CitationMarine Ecology Progress Series 235: 15-28 (2002)
AbstractSediment incubation microcosms, multitrap apparatus and water column variables have been employed to describe the dynamic changes in benthic-pelagic coupling between nutrient pools in the Pontevedra ria, NW Spain, during spring and summer 1998. A comparison of the chemical characteristics of suspended and bed sediment together with sediment nutrient effluxes revealed that particulate organic nitrogen and carbon were progressively depleted upon transit through the nutrient pools. The main fate of particulate organic nitrogen reaching the bed sediment is denitrification, although resuspension is also important. An estimate of net denitrification (Dnet) was made at 2 muddy sites in the ria with a mass balance at the benthic boundary layer. First-order approximations calculate Dnet to be 178 and 182 µmolN m-2 h-1 at the 2 stations, and agree well with previous modelling estimates. Denitrification is highest when upwelling relaxes and the flux of organic matter to the sediment increases. Regular inputs of offshore water ensure water renewal and re-oxygenation of bottom waters, thus preventing anoxia, particularly in the summer. With upwelling, large quantities of ammonium are effluxed to the water column (250 µmolNH4+ m-2 h-1), probably as a result of the bed sediment resuspension engendered by upwelling and stirring of phytodetrital fluff held in suspension as neutrally buoyant material above the sediment surface. We hypothesise that hydrodynamical processes play an important role in determining the quantity of nutrients remineralised in the Pontevedra ria and, in the case of nitrogen, the rate of denitrification at the benthic boundary layer.
Description14 pages, 13 figures, 1 table.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps235015
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/26057
DOI10.3354/meps235015
ISSN0171-8630
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos

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