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Effect of abscisic Acid on the linoleic Acid metabolism in developing maize embryos

AutorAbián, Joaquín ; Gelpí, Emili ; Pagès, Montserrat
Palabras claveLinoleic acid
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
HPLC separations
Fecha de publicaciónabr-1991
EditorAmerican Society of Plant Biologists
CitaciónPlant Physiology 95(4): 1277-1283 (1991)
ResumenPartially purified protein extracts from maize (Zea mays L.) embryos, whether treated or not with abscisic acid (ABA), were incubated with linoleic acid (LA) and 1-[14C]LA. The resulting LA metabolites were monitored by high performance liquid chromatography with a radioactivity detector and identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. α- and γ-ketol metabolites arising from 9-lipoxygenase activity were the more abundant compounds detected in the incubates, although the corresponding metabolites produced by 13-lipoxygenase were also present in the samples. In addition, a group of stereoisomers originating from two isomeric trihydroxy acids (9, 12, 13-trihydroxy-10-octadecenoic and 9, 10, 13-trihydroxy-11-octadecenoic acids) are described. Important variations in the relative proportions of the LA metabolites were observed depending on the embryo developmental stage and on ABA treatment. Two new ABA-induced compounds have been detected. These compounds are present in embryos at all developmental stages, being more abundant in old (60 days) embryos. Furthermore, ABA induction of these compounds is maximum at very young developmental stages, decreasing as maturation progresses. A tentative structure for these compounds (10-oxo-9, 13-dihydroxy-11-octadecenoic acid and 12-oxo-9, 13-dihydroxy-10-octadecenoic acid) is also provided. This study revealed an early stage in maize embryogenesis characterized by a higher relative sensitivity to ABA. The physiological importance of ABA on LA metabolism is discussed.
Descripción7 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 16668124 [PubMed].-- PMCID: PMC1077685.
Versión del editorhttp://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/reprint/95/4/1277
ISSN0032-0889 (Print)
1532-2548 (Online)
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