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Regioselective and Stereoselective Epoxidation of n-3 and n-6 Fatty Acids by Fungal Peroxygenases

AuthorsGonzález-Benjumea, Alejandro; Linde, Dolores CSIC ORCID; Carro, Juan ; Ullrich, René; Hofrichter, Martin; Martínez, Ángel T. CSIC ORCID ; Gutiérrez Suárez, Ana CSIC ORCID
KeywordsUnspecific peroxygenases
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Omega 3 (n-3) fatty acids
Omega 6 (n-6) fatty acids
Bioactive compounds
Regioselective synthesis
Stereoselective synthesis
Chiral HPLC
Issue Date25-Nov-2021
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationAntioxidants 10(12):1888 (2021)
AbstractEpoxide metabolites from n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids arouse interest thanks to their physiological and pharmacological activities. Their chemical synthesis has significant drawbacks, and enzymes emerge as an alternative with potentially higher selectivity and greener nature. Conversion of eleven eicosanoid, docosanoid, and other n-3/n-6 fatty acids into mono-epoxides by fungal unspecific peroxygenases (UPOs) is investigated, with emphasis on the Agrocybe aegerita (AaeUPO) and Collariella virescens (rCviUPO) enzymes. GC-MS revealed the strict regioselectivity of the n-3 and n-6 reactions with AaeUPO and rCviUPO, respectively, yielding 91%-quantitative conversion into mono-epoxides at the last double bond. Then, six of these mono-epoxides were obtained at mg-scale, purified and further structurally characterized by 1H, 13C and HMBC NMR. Moreover, chiral HPLC showed that the n-3 epoxides were also formed (by AaeUPO) with total S/R enantioselectivity (ee > 99%) while the n-6 epoxides (from rCviUPO reactions) were formed in nearly racemic mixtures. The high regio- and enantioselectivity of several of these reactions unveils the synthetic utility of fungal peroxygenases in fatty acid epoxidation.
Description17 páginas.- 7 figuras.- 2 tablas.- 53 referencias.- Supplementary Materials: The following are available online (at
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