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dc.contributor.authorTorres, Josep Lluís-
dc.contributor.authorPepermans, H.-
dc.contributor.authorValencia, G.-
dc.contributor.authorReig Isart, Francesca-
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Antón, J. M.-
dc.contributor.authorVan Binst, G.-
dc.identifier.citationEMBO Journal 8(10): 2925–2932 (1989)en_US
dc.description8 pages, 6 figures, 5 tables.-- PMID: 2583086 [PubMed].-- PMCID: PMC401360.en_US
dc.description.abstractTwo galactosyl derivatives of [DMet2,Pro5] enkephalin-amide (compound 1), namely [DMet2,Pro5] enkephalin [N1.5-beta-D-galactopyranosyl] amide (compound 2) and O1.5-(beta-D-galactopyranosyl) [DMet2,Hyp5] enkephalin-amide (compound 3) have been synthesized. Such glycosylpeptides have been shown to be extremely potent analgesic agonists. The conformational analysis of these three compounds in DMSO-d6 solution has been carried out using two-dimensional NMR methods. Both the parent compound (1) and the beta N-galactosyl derivative (2) show similar NMR parameters which are consistent with fairly rigid beta-strands at both the N-terminus and C-terminus, connected by a glycine residue that displays a mixture between multiple conformational states. Thus, although the beta N-galactosyl derivative (2) has been shown to be significantly more potent than the parent compound (1) in the tail immersion and paw pressure tests of analgesia, no correlation can be established between the conformation of (1) and (2) in DMSO and the difference in analgesic activity. In contrast, important conformational differences with respect to (1) and (2) have been detected in the beta O-galactosyl derivative (3). In this case, only one of the likely conformations for (1) and (2) are consistent with the experimental data. These data show that the position of the galactose residue in compound (3) causes Gly3 to loose flexibility leading to a more rigid folded conformation. Such a change in conformation could be related to the difference in analgesic activity between (2) and (3).en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipJ.L.T. was awarded with the EMBO fellowships ASTF 5365 and ASTF 5603 to carry out the conformational analysis at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel in Brussels. H.P. was a senior research assistant at the Belgian National Foundation for Scientific Research. We thank W.Verbist (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) and E.Noguds (CID-CSIC) for their technical assistance. This investigation was also supported by the Spanish Science and Technology Commission (CAICYT) and the Belgian Ministry of Science.en_US
dc.format.extent1504139 bytes-
dc.publisherNational Institutes of Health (U.S.). PubMed Centralen_US
dc.subjectGlycosyl peptidesen_US
dc.subjectEnkephalin analoguesen_US
dc.subjectAnalgesic peptidesen_US
dc.subjectConformational analysisen_US
dc.subjectTwo-dimensional NMRen_US
dc.titleSynthesis and conformational analysis of a series of galactosyl enkephalin analogues showing high analgesic activityen_US
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer revieweden_US
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