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Segregation of leading-edge and uropod components into specific lipid rafts during T cell polarization

AuthorsGómez-Moutón, Concepción; Abad, José Luis ; Mira, Emilia; Lacalle, Rosa Ana; Gallardo, Eduard; Jiménez Baranda, Sonia; Illa, Isabel; Bernad, Antonio; Mañes, Santos; Martínez, Carlos
KeywordsCell structure
T cell polarization
Leading-Edge Proteins
Issue Date14-Aug-2001
PublisherNational Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
CitationProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 98(17): 9642-9647 (2001)
AbstractRedistribution of specialized molecules in migrating cells develops asymmetry between two opposite cell poles, the leading edge and the uropod. We show that acquisition of a motile phenotype in T lymphocytes results in the asymmetric redistribution of ganglioside GM3- and GM1-enriched raft domains to the leading edge and to the uropod, respectively. This segregation to each cell pole parallels the specific redistribution of membrane proteins associated to each raft subfraction. Our data suggest that raft partitioning is a major determinant for protein redistribution in polarized T cells, as ectopic expression of raft-associated proteins results in their asymmetric redistribution, whereas non-raft-partitioned mutants of these proteins are distributed homogeneously in the polarized cell membrane. Both acquisition of a migratory phenotype and SDF-1α-induced chemotaxis are cholesterol depletion-sensitive. Finally, GM3 and GM1 raft redistribution requires an intact actin cytoskeleton, but is insensitive to microtubule disruption. We propose that membrane protein segregation not only between raft and nonraft domains but also between distinct raft subdomains may be an organizational principle that mediates redistribution of specialized molecules needed for T cell migration.
Description6 pages, 7 figures.-- PMID: 11493690 [PubMed].-- PMCID: PMC55505.-- Available online Aug 7, 2001.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.171160298
Appears in Collections:(IQAC) Artículos
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