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Identification of canola roots endophytic bacteria and analysis of their potential as biofertilizers for canola crops with special emphasis on sporulating bacteria

AuthorsMartínez Hidalgo, Pilar; Flores Félix, José David; Sánchez Juanes, F; Rivas, Raúl CSIC ORCID; Mateos, Pedro F. CSIC ORCID; Santa Regina, Ignacio CSIC ORCID ; Peix, Álvaro CSIC ORCID; Martínez Molina, Eustoquio CSIC ORCID; Igual, José Mariano CSIC ORCID ; Velázquez, Encarna CSIC ORCID
Brassica napus
Endophytic bacteria
rrs gene sequencing
Plant growth promotion
Issue Date2021
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationAgronomy 11 (9): 1796 (2021)
AbstractCanola (Brassica napus L. var. oleracea) is the third most common oil-producing crop worldwide after palm and soybean. Canola cultivation requires the use of chemical fertilizers, but the amount required can be reduced by applying plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB). Among PGPB, endophytic bacteria have certain advantages as biofertilizers, but canola endophytic bacteria have rarely been studied. In this work, we identified a collection of bacterial endophytes isolated from canola roots using MALDI-TOF MS, a technique that is still rarely used for the identification of such bacteria, and rrs gene sequencing, a methodology that is commonly used to identify canola endophytes. The results demonstrated that some bacterial isolates from canola roots belonged to the genera Bacillus, Neobacillus, Peribacillus (Pe.), and Terribacillus, but most isolates belonged to the genera Paenibacillus (P.) and Pseudomonas (Ps.). Inoculation of these isolates indicated that several of them could efficiently promote canola seedling growth in hydroponic conditions. These results were then confirmed in a microcosm experiment using agricultural soil, which demonstrated that several isolates of Pseudomonas thivervalensis, Paenibacillus amylolyticus, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Paenibacillus sp. (Paenibacillus glucanolyticus/Paenibacillus lautus group), and Peribacillus simplex (previously Bacillus simplex) could efficiently promote canola shoot growth under greenhouse conditions. Among them, the isolates of Paenibacillus and Peribacillus were the most promising biofertilizers for canola crops as they are sporulated rods, which is an advantageous trait when formulating biofertilizers
Description11 páginas, 3 tablas, 1 figura
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