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Título

Effects of zone.tillage in rotation with no-tillage on soil properties and crop yields in a semi-arid soil from central Spain

AutorLópez-Fando, Cristina ; Dorado, José ; Pardo Fernández, María Teresa
Palabras claveConservation tillage
Paraplow
Soil densification
Nutrients stratification
Carbon stocks
Semi-arid soils
Fecha de publicación2007
EditorElsevier
CitaciónSoil and Tillage Research (95): 266-176 (2007)
ResumenA limiting factor to the no-tillage system in arid and semi-arid regions is the possibility of soil densification from lack of tillage. This research examines the extent and duration of the effects of periodic (rotational) zone-tillage over 2 years, on selected soil physical and chemical properties and crop yields. In the first year four tillage treatments were applied: conventional tillage with mouldboard plow (CT), minimum tillage with chisel plow (MT), no-tillage (NT) and zone-tillage subsoiling with a paraplow (ZT). In the second year, the ZT plots were returned to NT to follow the residual effects of ZT. The soil was a loamy sand (Calcic Haploxeralf) from semi-arid Central Spain and the crop rotation was grey pea (Pisum sativum L.)–barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Crop residues on the soil surface after sowing grey pea were 85% in NT plots, 55% in ZT plots and 15% in MT plots. When comparing NT and ZT, the immediate effects of subsoiling on soil physical properties were significant (P < 0.05). Soil strength as measured by cone index approached 3.0 MPa in NT and was reduced to <1.0 MPa by ZT over 300 mm sampling depth. Soil moisture content and bulk density were improved by ZT. No-till and ZT favoured surface accumulation of soil organic carbon (SOC), total N and available P and K. Stratification ratio of SOC was not different among tillage systems, but soil N stratification ratio followed the order NT > ZT > MT > CT. Grey pea yields were reduced by 3 Mg ha 1 in the NTand MT compared with ZT. Crop residues on the soil surface after barley sowing were 80% in NT, 56% in ZT, and 12% in MT. At the end of the second year, soil strength, soil moisture and bulk density in ZT declined to NT levels at all soil depths. The positive effect of ZT in increasing SOC in the top layer had also disappeared. However, total N, and available P and K concentrations under NTand ZTwere still significantly higher than in MTand CT. Stratification ratios of SOC under NTand ZT were >2 and more than two-fold those under MTand CT. Nitrogen stratification ratio under ZT increased and no significant differences between NT and ZT could be reported. Barley yield was 0.6 Mg ha 1 higher in ZT compared with NT. Our results suggest that ZT improved the physical and chemical condition of the soil studied in months following subsoiling. These positive effects, however, diminished with time and only some residual effects on total N and available P and K content in the top-layer were still evident after 2 years.
Descripción11 pages, figures, and tables statistics.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2007.01.005
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/25260
DOI10.1016/j.still.2007.01.005
ISSN0167-1987
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