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Título

Implication of the endocannabinoid system in the locomotor hyperactivity associated with congenital hypothyroidism

AutorAsúa, Teresa; Navarro, Miguel; Rodríguez de Fonseca, Fernando; Pérez Castillo, Ana ; Santos, Ángel
Fecha de publicaciónmay-2008
EditorEndocrine Society
CitaciónEndocrinology 149(5): 2657-2666 (2008)
ResumenAlterations in motor functions are well-characterized features observed in humans and experimental animals subjected to thyroid hormone dysfunctions during development. Here we show that congenitally hypothyroid rats display hyperactivity in the adult life. This phenotype was associated with a decreased content of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB(1)) mRNA in the striatum and a reduction in the number of binding sites in both striatum and projection areas. These findings suggest that hyperactivity may be the consequence of a thyroid hormone deficiency-induced removal of the endocannabinoid tone, normally acting as a brake for hyperactivity at the basal ganglia. In agreement with the decrease in CB(1) receptor gene expression, a lower cannabinoid response, measured by biochemical, genetic and behavioral parameters, was observed in the hypothyroid animals. Finally, both CB(1) receptor gene expression and the biochemical and behavioral dysfunctions found in the hypothyroid animals were improved after a thyroid hormone replacement treatment. Thus, the present study suggests that impairment in the endocannabinoid system can underlay the hyperactive phenotype associated with hypothyroidism.
Descripción10 pages, 9 figures.-- et al.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.2007-1586
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/25040
DOI10.1210/en.2007-1586
ISSN0013-7227
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