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A role for stroma-derived annexin A1 as mediator in the control of genetic susceptibility to T-cell lymphoblastic malignancies through prostaglandin E2 secretion

AuthorsSantos, Javier ; González-Sánchez, Laura ; Matabuena-deYzaguirre, María; Villa-Morales, María ; Cozar, Patricia; López-Nieva, Pilar ; Fernández-Navarro, Pablo; Díaz-Muñoz, Manuel D.; Guenet, Jean-Louis; Montagutelli, Xavier; Fernández-Piqueras, José
annexin A1
Issue Date15-Mar-2009
PublisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research
CitationCancer Research 69(6):2577-87(2009)
AbstractCancer susceptibility is essentially attributable to multiple low-penetrance genes. Using interspecific consomic and congenic mice between the tumour-resistant SEG/Pas and the tumour-sensitive C57BL/6J strains, a region on chromosome 19 involved in the genetic resistance to γ-irradiation-induced T-cell lymphomas (Tlyr1) has been identified. Through the development of non-overlapping sub-congenic strains, it has been further demonstrated that Anxa1 may be a candidate resistance gene on the basis of its differential expression in thymus stroma cells after γ-radiation exposure. In addition, thymus-stroma cells of thymic lymphomas exhibited a significant reduction in the expression levels of Anxa1. Interestingly, the activity of Anxa1 relies on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) induction that brings about apoptosis in thymocytes. In fact, in vitro transfection experiments revealed that PGE2 production was enhanced when HEK 293 cells were transfected with full-length cDNAs of Anxa1, with PGE2 production in the cells transfected with the allele of the resistant strain (Anxa1Tyr) being higher than that in cells transfected with the allele of the susceptible strain (Anxa1Phe). Furthermore, the presence of this compound in the medium induced apoptosis of immature CD4+CD8+CD3low cells in a dose-dependent manner. These results improve our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms triggering T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma development, while highlighting the relevance of the stroma in controlling genetic susceptibility, and the use of PGE2 as a new therapeutic approach in T-cell haematogical malignancies.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-1821
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