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Título

Ultrafast sodium channel block by dietary fish oil prevents dofetilide-induced ventricular arrhythmias in rabbit hearts

AutorDumotier, B.; David, Miren ; Guizy, Miriam ; Valenzuela, Carmen ; Hondeghem, Luc M.
Palabras claveAntiarrhythmia agents
Omega-3 fatty acids
Ion channels
Torsades de pointes
Fecha de publicaciónoct-2008
EditorAmerican Physiological Society
CitaciónAJP - Heart and Circulatory Physiology 295(4): H1414-H1421 (2008)
ResumenSeveral epidemiologic and clinical studies show that following myocardial infarction, dietary supplements of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega3FA) reduce sudden death. Animal data show that omega3FA have antiarrhythmic properties, but their mechanisms of action require further elucidation. The effects of omega3FA supplementation were studied in female rabbits to analyze whether their antiarrhythmic effects are due to a reduction of triangulation, reverse use-dependence, instability, and dispersion (TRIaD) of the cardiac action potential (TRIaD as a measure of proarrhythmic effects). In Langendorff-perfused hearts challenged by a selective rapidly activating delayed rectifier potassium current inhibitor that has been shown to exhibit proarrhythmic effects (dofetilide; 1 to 100 nM), omega3FA pretreatment (30 days; n=6) prolonged the plateau phase of the monophasic action potential; did not slow the terminal fast repolarization; reduced the dofetilide-induced prolongation of the action potential duration; reduced dofetilide-induced triangulation; and reduced dofetilide-induced reverse use-dependence, instability of repolarization, and dispersion. Dofetilide reduced excitability in omega3FA-pretreated hearts but not in control hearts. Whereas torsades de pointes (TdP) were observed in five out of six in control hearts, none were observed in omega3FA-pretreated hearts. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) inhibited the sodium current with ultrafast kinetics. Dietary omega3FA supplementation markedly reduced dofetilide-induced TRIaD and abolished dofetilide-induced TdP. Ultrafast sodium channel block by DHA may account for the antiarrhythmic protection of the dietary supplements of omega3FA against dofetilide-induced proarrhythmia observed in this animal model.
Descripción9 pages, 4 figures, 1 table.-- et al.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.01219.2007
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/24861
DOI10.1152/ajpheart.01219.2007
ISSN0363-6135
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