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Influence of fungal endophyte infection on the nutrient content of tall fescue.
|Autor:||Vázquez de Aldana, Beatriz R. ; García Criado, Balbino ; Zabalgogeazcoa, Iñigo; García Ciudad, Antonia|
|Fecha de publicación:||1999|
|Editor:||Taylor & Francis|
|Citación:||Journal of Plant Nutrition,1999, 22: 163-176.|
|Resumen:||Fungal endophytes infect several grass species. The fungus can alter the growth, physiological and morphological characteristics of the infected plant. A greenhouse experiment was designed to determine the effect of the fungal endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum on the nutrient content of a selected ecotype of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea), when growing at two nutrient supply levels. Stem dry matter, averaged over all harvests and nutrient supply treatments, was higher in non-infected (E-) than in endophyte infected (E+) plants. We found a significant interaction between endophyte infection and nutrient supply level and/or harvest date on the N, P, Ca and Mg plant tissue concentrations. Only for Ca leaf concentrations the effect of infection status was not influenced by harvest date or nutrient supply treatment and Ca concentration was higher in E- than in E+ plants. Differences between E+ and E- plants in P concentration were significant at the beginning of the experiment, and for N and Mg were observed at the end of the experiment (16-18 weeks). Endophyte infected plants had higher stem N and leaf Mg concentrations in the high nutrient supply but significantly lower concentrations at the low nutrient supply treatment. Phosphorus 2 concentration in leaf and aboveground plant tissue was significantly higher in E- than in E+ plants at the high nutrient fertility treatment at week 12, but in the low fertility treatment differences were not significant. Differences in K, Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu concentration between infected and non-infected plants were not statistically significant. Our results suggest that endophyte infection of tall fescue appears to increase the content of nutrients related to protein synthesis processes (N and Mg).|
|Versión del editor:||http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a905895316|
|Aparece en las colecciones:||(IRNASA) Artículos|
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