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Research trends and future perspectives in marine biomimicking robotics

AuthorsAguzzi, Jacopo CSIC ORCID ; Costa, Corrado; Calisti, Marcello; Funari, Valerio; Stefanni, Sergio; Danovaro, Roberto; Gomes, Helena I.; Vecchi, Fabrizio; Dartnel, Lewis R.; Weiss, Peter; Nowak, Kathrin; Chatzievangelou, Damianos; Marini, Simone
KeywordsMarine biomimetics
Bibliographic statistics
Energy provision
Locomotor designs
Optimal energy consumption
Issue DateMay-2021
PublisherMolecular Diversity Preservation International
CitationSensors 21(11): 3778 (2021)
AbstractMechatronic and soft robotics are taking inspiration from the animal kingdom to create new high-performance robots. Here, we focused on marine biomimetic research and used innovative bibliographic statistics tools, to highlight established and emerging knowledge domains. A total of 6980 scientific publications retrieved from the Scopus database (1950–2020), evidencing a sharp research increase in 2003–2004. Clustering analysis of countries collaborations showed two major Asian-North America and European clusters. Three significant areas appeared: (i) energy provision, whose advancement mainly relies on microbial fuel cells, (ii) biomaterials for not yet fully operational soft-robotic solutions; and finally (iii), design and control, chiefly oriented to locomotor designs. In this scenario, marine biomimicking robotics still lacks solutions for the long-lasting energy provision, which presently hinders operation autonomy. In the research environment, identifying natural processes by which living organisms obtain energy is thus urgent to sustain energy-demanding tasks while, at the same time, the natural designs must increasingly inform to optimize energy consumption
Description21 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables, 1 appendix, supplementary material https://figshare.com/s/4e2f76d5056beb7c0f97.-- Data Availability Statement: The EndNote file containing the database of the publication extracted is available online at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.13337327 (Figshare repository, accessed on 28 May 2021)
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113778
Identifierse-issn: 1424-8220
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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