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Connecting the lab and the field: Genome analysis of phyllobacterium and rhizobium strains and field performance on two vegetable crops

AuthorsFlores Félix, José David; Velázquez, Encarna CSIC ORCID; Martínez Molina, Eustoquio CSIC ORCID; González-Andrés, Fernando; Squartini, Andrea; Rivas, Raúl CSIC ORCID
Bacterial endophytes
Plant growth promotion
Microbial biostimulants
Field assays
Issue Date2021
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationAgronomy 11 (6): 1124 (2021)
AbstractThe legume nodules are a rich source not only of rhizobia but also of endophytic bacteria exhibiting plant growth-promoting mechanisms with potential as plant biostimulants. In this work we analyzed the genomes of Phyllobacterium endophyticum PEPV15 and Rhizobium laguerreae PEPV16 strains, both isolated from Phaseolus vulgaris nodules. In silico analysis showed that the genomes of these two strains contain genes related to N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) and cellulose biosynthesis, involved in quorum sensing and biofilm formation, which are essential for plant colonization. Several genes involved in plant growth promotion such as those related to phosphate solubilization, indole acetic acid production, siderophore biosynthesis and nitrogen fixation were also located in both genomes. When strains PEPV15 and PEPV16 were inoculated in lettuce and carrot in field assays, we found that both significantly increased the yield of lettuce shoots and carrot roots by more than 20% and 10%, respectively. The results of this work confirmed that the genome mining of genes involved in plant colonization and growth promotion is a good strategy for predicting the potential of bacterial strains as crops inoculants, opening new horizons for the selection of bacterial strains with which to design new, effective bacteria-based plant biostimulants.
Description12 páginas, 5 tablas, 1 figura
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