Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
logo share SHARE BASE
Visualizar otros formatos: MARC | Dublin Core | RDF | ORE | MODS | METS | DIDL | DATACITE

Screening for mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and steroidogenic factor-1 genes, and in CYP11A and dosage-sensitive sex reversal-adrenal hypoplasia gene on the X chromosome, gene-1 (DAX-1), in hyperandrogenic hirsute women

AuthorsCalvo, Rosa M. CSIC; Asunción, Miryam; Tellería, Dolores; Sancho, José; San Millán, José L.; Escobar-Morreale, Héctor F.
Issue DateApr-2001
PublisherEndocrine Society
CitationJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 86(4): 1746-1749 (2001)
AbstractAbnormalities in adrenal and/or ovarian steroidogenesis are found in most patients with hirsutism. The rate-limiting step in the synthesis of steroids in the ovary and the adrenal is the conversion of cholesterol into pregnenolone by cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc), encoded by the gene CYP11A, after cholesterol is introduced into the mitochondria by the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR). DAX-1 is a repressor of StAR gene expression, and steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) is a regulator of CYP11A, DAX-1, and StAR gene. Mutations in any of these factors resulting in gain of function, or loss of repression, of StAR or P450scc might contribute to the steroidogenic abnormalities present in hirsute patients. In the present study we have screened, using heteroduplex analysis, the genes encoding StAR and SF-1 as well as DAX-1 and CYP11A for mutations in genomic DNA from 19 women presenting with hirsutism and increased serum androgen levels. When variants were found, analysis was extended to a larger group of hyperandrogenic patients and nonaffected women. Two variants were identified in the SF-1 gene. A G-->C change in exon 6, resulting in an Arg(365)Pro mutation, was found in 1 of 45 patients, but not in controls. Also, a Gly(146)Ala missense mutation, resulting from a G-->C change in exon 4, was found in 2 of 48 patients and in 2 of 50 nonaffected individuals. We identified a C-->T base pair change at position -33 of the StAR gene. Three of 48 patients and 3 of 43 controls presented this variant. No mutations were found in coding regions of the StAR gene. Analysis of CYP11A-coding regions identified a G-->A change in exon 3, resulting in a Val(179)Ile missense mutation. This mutation was found in 1 of 29 patients studied and was not present in 50 controls. Finally, analysis of DAX-1 showed no variant in any of the women studied. In conclusion, mutations in StAR, SF-1, CYP11A, and DAX-1 are seldom found in hirsute patients and do not explain the steroidogenic abnormalities found in these women.
Description4 pages, 1 table.-- Presented in part at the 82nd Annual Meeting of The Endocrine Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 21–24, 2000.
Publisher version (URL)
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
1746.pdf151,22 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
Show full item record
Review this work

Page view(s)

checked on May 18, 2022


checked on May 18, 2022

Google ScholarTM


WARNING: Items in Digital.CSIC are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.