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Daily rhythms of intestinal cholecystokinin and pancreatic proteases activity in Senegalese sole juveniles with diurnal and nocturnal feeding

AuthorsGilannejad, Neda CSIC ORCID ; Rønnestad, Ivar; Lai, Floriana; Olderbakk-Jordal, Ann-Elise; Gottlieb Almeida, A. P.; Martínez-Rodríguez, Gonzalo CSIC ORCID ; Moyano, Francisco Javier; Yúfera, Manuel CSIC ORCID
Daily rhythms
Feeding protocol
Solea senegalensis
Issue DateMar-2021
CitationComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A - Molecular and Integrative Physiology 253: 110868 (2021)
AbstractThe influence of diurnal and nocturnal feeding on daily rhythms of gut levels of cholecystokinin (CCK) and the activity of two key pancreatic proteases, trypsin and chymotrypsin, were examined in juveniles of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis), a species with nocturnal habits. Four feeding protocols were performed: P1) One morning meal; P2) Six meals during the light period; P3) Six meals during the dark period; and P4) 12 meals during 24 h. Daily activity patterns of both proteases were remarkably similar and showed a high correlation in all the experimental protocols. In P1, daily patterns of CCK and digestive enzymes showed a single maximum. In P2, CCK levels exhibited two peaks. Digestive enzymes activities showed slightly delayed peaks compared to CCK, although their daily fluctuations were not significant. In P3, intestinal CCK concentration exhibited two peaks at the end of light and dark periods, but only the second one was significant. The first maximum level of chymotrypsin activity occurred 4 h after the first CCK peak, while the second one coincided with the second CCK peak. Fluctuations of trypsin activity were not significant. In P4, CCK concentration showed three small peaks. Digestive enzymes daily fluctuations were not significant, although they showed an inverted trend with respect to CCK. The daily pattern of the gut CCK content in our study is in agreement with the anorexigenic function of this hormone. Our results support the existence of a negative feedback regulatory loop between CCK and pancreatic proteolytic enzymes in Senegalese sole juveniles.
Publisher version (URL)
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2020.110868
issn: 1095-6433
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos

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