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Título

Potentiation by nitric oxide of cyclosporin A and FK506-induced apoptosis in renal proximal tubule cells

AutorHortelano, Sonsoles; Castilla, Manuela; Torres, Ana M.; Tejedor, Alberto; Boscá, Lisardo
Fecha de publicacióndic-2000
EditorAmerican Society of Nephrology
CitaciónJournal of the American Society of Nephrology 11(12): 2315-2323 (2000)
ResumenProximal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC) exhibit a high sensitivity to undergo apoptosis in response to proinflammatory stimuli and immunosuppressors and participate in the onset of several renal diseases. This study examined the expression of inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase after challenge of PTEC with bacterial cell wall molecules and inflammatory cytokines and analyzed the pathways that lead to apoptosis in these cells by measuring changes in the mitochondrial transmembrane potential and caspase activation. The data show that the apoptotic effects of proinflammatory stimuli mainly were due to the expression of inducible NO synthase. Cyclosporin A and FK506 inhibited partially NO synthesis. However, both NO and immunosuppressors induced apoptosis, probably through a common mechanism that involved the irreversible opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Activation of caspases 3 and 7 was observed in cells treated with high doses of NO and with moderate concentrations of immunosuppressors. The conclusion is that the cooperation between NO and immunosuppressors that induce apoptosis in PTEC might contribute to the renal toxicity observed in the course of immunosuppressive therapy.
Descripción9 pages, 6 figures, 1 table.
Versión del editorhttp://jasn.asnjournals.org/cgi/content/full/11/12/2315
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/24206
ISSN1046-6673
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