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Iodothyronine deiodinase activities in fetal rat tissues at several levels of iodine deficiency: a role for the skin in 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine economy?

AutorSchröder-van der Elst, Janny P.; Heide, Daan van der; Morreale de Escobar, Gabriella ; Obregón, María Jesús
Fecha de publicaciónmay-1998
EditorEndocrine Society
CitaciónEndocrinology 139(5): 2229-2234 (1998)
ResumenIodothyronine deiodinases, types I, II, and III (D1, D2, and D3) activities were measured in tissues of fetal rats, at 18 and 21 days of gestation, at several levels of iodine deficiency (ID): mild ID diet (MID) and moderately severe ID, MID + 0.005% perchlorate (MID+P). D2 was present in fetal skin, increased between days 18 and 21, and also in MID and MID+P. In skin, D3 increased during ID at day 18, whereas there was a decrease at day 21. Skin T4 decreased in MID and MID+P, showing an inverse relationship with D2. Skin T3 decreased at day 18 in MID and MID+P but increased at day 21, probably because of the increased D2 and decreased D3, maintaining T3 concentrations. No effect of ID was observed on hepatic D1. D2 increased in brain and brown adipose tissue at day 21 in MID+P. No changes were found in maternal placental D2 and D3, but D2 and D3 increased in the fetal placenta at day 18 in MID+P. A higher level of D2 is present in fetal skin than in the brain. As the activity is increased, in even mild ID (and already at 18 days) it can be concluded that skin D2 is likely to be of considerable physiological importance, at least for fetal thyroid hormone economy, by contributing to the intracellular T3 content of the skin and, possibly, to the plasma T3.
Descripción6 pages, 8 figures, 1 table.-- Part of the study was presented, in preliminary form, at the 24th Annual Meeting of The European Thyroid Association, Munich, August 31-September 3, 1997.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.139.5.2229
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