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Performance of Prunus rootstocks for apricot in Mediterranean conditions

AuthorsHernández, Francisca; Pinochet, Jorge; Moreno Sánchez, María Ángeles CSIC ORCID ; Martínez, Juan José; Legua, Pilar
KeywordsFruit set
Fruit quality
Issue DateApr-2010
CitationHernández F, Pinochet J, Moreno MA, Martínez JJ, Legua P. Performance of Prunus rootstocks for apricot in Mediterranean conditions. Scientia Horticulturae 124 (3): 354-359 (2010)
AbstractThe influence of five rootstocks (Evrica, Krymsk® 86, Torinel, PAC 00-08 and PADAC 01-47) on flowering, fruit set, trunk cross-sectional area, yield efficiency and fruit quality parameters of apricot cultivars (Prunus armeniaca L.) grown in a Mediterranean agro-climatic environment was evaluated. The five rootstocks were grafted with ‘E-101’ and ‘E-404’ apricot cvs., and established in an experimental orchard in the Region of Murcia (South-eastern of Spain) in 2004. Rootstock had no significant influence on the number of flowers but affected fruit set. Evrica, PAC 00-08 and PADAC 01-47, induced a higher percentage of fruit set on the apricot cultivar ‘E-101’. The greatest TCSA was exhibited with Torinel, Evrica and PADAC 01-47. The yield efficiency was significantly greater on PADAC 01-47, because of its higher yield and cumulative production compared with the other rootstocks. Thus, differences in precocity among rootstocks became evident, PADAC 01-47 being the most efficient rootstock for the first bearing years. The fruit quality traits were also significantly affected by rootstocks. In the case of ‘E-101’, the highest fruit weight was induced by Evrica, Krymsk® 86 and Torinel. In relation to fruit size, the smallest equatorial, suture and polar diameters were produced by fruit on PADAC 01-47 for both cultivars. The highest firmness was induced by PAC 00-08 for ‘E-101’, while in ‘E-404’ the highest firmness was induced by PADAC 01-47. The colour of fruit was also affected by the rootstock. The brightest coloured skin (high L* values) was found on Evrica, PADAC 01-47, Torinel and Krymsk® 86. The fruit weight was positively correlated with pulp yield and negatively correlated with TCSA. According to these results, higher fruit quality was found on PADAC 01-47 and Evrica.
Description23 p., 6 Tabl. The definitive version is available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03044238
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.01.020
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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