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Título

Maternal nonthyroidal illness and fetal thyroid hormone status, as studied in the streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus rat model

AutorCalvo, Rosa M. ; Morreale de Escobar, Gabriella ; Escobar del Rey, Francisco; Obregón, María Jesús
Fecha de publicaciónmar-1997
EditorEndocrine Society
CitaciónEndocrinology 138(3): 1159-1169 (1997)
ResumenWe have used the streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus pregnant rat as a model of maternal nonthyroidal illness. We measured the effects of different degrees of diabetes mellitus on maternal body weight, the outcome of pregnancy, circulating glucose, insulin, T4, T3, rT3, and TSH in mother and fetus, T4 and T3 in maternal and fetal tissues, and iodothyronine deiodinases in liver, lung, and brain. All of the changes in thyroid hormone status typical of nonthyroidal illnesses were observed in the mothers and were related to the degree of the metabolic imbalances. Most were controlled with a daily insulin dose of 0.5 U/100 g BW. Normalization of maternal placental T4, however, required higher insulin doses than in other maternal tissues. The number and body weight of the fetuses, their pituitary GH contents, and their thyroid hormone status were severely affected. The total extrathyroidal T4 and T3 pools decreased to one third of normal fetal values. T4 and T3 concentrations in the fetal brain were lower than normal, and the expected increase in type II 5'deiodinase activity was not observed. The low cerebral T3 only improved with adequate insulin treatment of the dams. It is concluded that maternal diabetes mellitus, and possibly other nonthyroidal illnesses that impair the availability of intracellular energy stores, may affect fetal brain T3 when thyroid hormones are essential for normal development.
Descripción11 pages, 9 figures, 1 table.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.138.3.1159
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/24049
DOI10.1210/en.138.3.1159
ISSN0013-7227
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