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Título

Thyroid hormones influence serum leptin concentrations in the rat

AutorEscobar-Morreale, Héctor F.; Escobar del Rey, Francisco; Morreale de Escobar, Gabriella
Fecha de publicaciónoct-1997
EditorEndocrine Society
CitaciónEndocrinology 138(10): 4485-4488 (1997)
ResumenLeptin, the product of the ob gene, is secreted by adipocytes and has been shown to decrease appetite and increase energy expenditure. Leptin mRNA in adipocytes correlates with body wt, and serum leptin levels correlate with body fat. Alterations in thyroid status are frequently associated with changes in body wt. To evaluate the possible influence of thyroid status on the leptin system, we have measured serum leptin concentrations in thyroidectomized rats infused either with placebo, or with different doses of T4 (0.8 to 8.0 microg/100 g body wt per day) or T3 (0.25 to 2.0 microg/100 g body wt per day), covering a wide range of thyroid hormone concentrations, from overt hypothyroidism to hyperthyroidism. Intact animals infused with placebo were used as euthyroid controls. Infusion of T4 or T3 into thyroidectomized rats resulted in a decrease in serum leptin levels with respect to the thyroidectomized animals infused with placebo. When compared to the control group, serum leptin levels were decreased in the groups infused with the higher T4 and T3 doses, and tended to be elevated in the thyroidectomized animals infused with placebo. The leptin/body wt ratio was markedly increased in thyroidectomized rats infused with placebo, and decreased in the animals infused with the higher thyroid hormone doses. In conclusion, thyroid hormones exert a negative influence on serum leptin concentrations, which is greater than expected by the changes in body wt The precise mechanism of this influence remains to be elucidated.
Descripción4 pages, 2 figures.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.138.10.4485
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/24006
DOI10.1210/en.138.10.4485
ISSN0013-7227
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