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Molecular Analysis of the Locus Responsible for Production of Plantaricin S, a Two-Peptide Bacteriocin Produced by Lactobacillus plantarum LPCO10

AuthorsStephens, Sarah K.; Floriano Pardal, Belén ; Cathcart, Declan P.; Bayley, Susan A.; Witt, Valerie F.; Jiménez Díaz, Rufino ; Warner, Philip J.; Ruiz-Barba, José Luis
Issue DateMay-1998
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 64(5). 1871-1877 (1998)
AbstractA 4.5-kb region of chromosomal DNA carrying the locus responsible for the production of plantaricin S, a two-peptide bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus plantarum LPCO10 (R. Jiménez-Díaz, J. L. Ruiz-Barba, D. P. Cathcart, H. Holo, I. F. Nes, K. H. Sletten, and P. J. Warner, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:4459-4463, 1995), has been cloned, and the nucleotide sequence has been elucidated. Two genes, designated plsA and plsB and encoding peptides and , respectively, of plantaricin S, plus an open reading frame (ORF), ORF2, were found to be organized in an operon. Northern blot analysis showed that these genes are cotranscribed, giving a ca. 0.7-kb mRNA, whose transcription start point was determined by primer extension. Nucleotide sequences of plsA and plsB revealed that both genes are translated as bacteriocin precursors which include N-terminal leader sequences of the double-glycine type. The role of ORF2 is unknown at the moment, although it might be expected to encode an immunity protein of the type described for other bacteriocin operons. In addition, several other potential ORFs have been found, including some which may be responsible for the regulation of bacteriocin production. Two of them, ORF8 and ORF14, show strong homology with histidine protein kinase and response regulator genes, respectively, which have been found to be involved in the regulation of the production of other bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria. A third ORF, ORF5, shows homology with gene agrB from Staphylococcus aureus, which is involved in the mechanism of regulation of the virulence phenotype in this species. Thus, an agr-like regulatory system for the production of plantaricin S is postulated.
Description7 pages, 3 figures, 1 table.
Publisher version (URL)http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/full/64/5/1871
Appears in Collections:(IG) Artículos
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