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A comprehensive feasibility study of effectiveness and environmental impact of PAH bioremediation using an indigenous microbial degrader consortium and a novel strain Stenotrophomonas maltophilia CPHE1 isolated from an industrial polluted soil

AuthorsLara Moreno, Alba; Morillo González, Esmeralda CSIC ORCID ; Merchán, F.; Villaverde Capellán, J. CSIC ORCID
Biodegradation pathway
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Issue Date1-Jul-2021
CitationJournal of Environmental Management (289): 112512 (2021)
AbstractPolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are major toxic and recalcitrant pollutants in the environment. This study assessed the capacity of an isolated soil microbial consortium (OMC) to biodegrade PAHs. OMC was able to reach 100% biodegradation of naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, fluorene and phenanthrene in solution, and up to 76% and 50% of anthracene and fluoranthene, respectively, from a mix of 16 PAHs. To measure phenanthrene (PHE) mineralization, OMC and eight strains isolated from OMC were used and identified by PCR amplification of the gene 16S ribosomal RNA. A novel Stenotrophomonas maltophilia CPHE1, not previously described as a PAH degrader, was able to mineralize almost 40% PHE and biodegrade 90.5% in solution, in comparison to OMC that reached 100% PHE degradation, but only 18.8% mineralization. Based on metabolites identified during PHE degradation and on the detection of two genes (PAH RHDα and nahAc) in OMC consortium, two possible via were described for its degradation, through salicylic and phthalic acid. PAH RHDα, which codified the first step on PHE biodegradation pathway, was also found in the DNA of S. maltophilia CPHE1. An ecotoxicology study showed that PHE bioremediation after inoculating S. maltophilia CPHE1 for 30 days decreased by half the solution toxicity. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
Description12 páginas.- 4 figuras.-. 8 tablas.- 79 referencias.- Supplementary data to this article can be found online at
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