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dc.contributor.authorRemón, J.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorRavaglio Pasquini, F.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorPedraza Segura, L.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorArcelus-Arrillaga, Pedroes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSuelves Laiglesia, Isabeles_ES
dc.contributor.authorPinilla Ibarz, José Luises_ES
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Cleaner Production 302: 127008 (2021)es_ES
dc.description5 figures, 4 tables, supplementary information.-- © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe manufacturing of coffee, one of the most popular beverages globally, renders enormous amounts of by-products and wastes, which may trigger severe environmental issues if not treated appropriately. The coffee pulp, resulting from the wet processing of coffee, is the predominant by-product, with around 10 Mt annually produced worldwide. For the first time, this work addresses the hydrothermal treatment of coffee pulp to produce biofuels and platform molecules, scrutinising the influence of the processing conditions (temperature, pressure, reaction time and solid/water ratio) on the process. This strategy allowed the transformation of coffee pulp into bio-crude and hydrochar in different yields (10–26% and 10–42%, respectively), depending on the conditions. The bio-crude included a pool of alkanes, carboxylic acids, ketones, phenols and nitrogen species, with varying quantities of C (54–71 wt%), H (6–7 wt%), O (18–34 wt%) and N (3–5 wt%) and a calorific value shifting from 23 to 32 MJ/kg. The hydrochar contained different proportions of C (57–72 wt%), H (4–6 wt%), O (20–35 wt%) and N (2–3 wt%) and had a calorific value between 22 and 29 MJ/kg. Process optimisation showed that up to 45% of the coffee pulp could be simultaneously converted into energy-rich (29 MJ/kg), merchantable liquid (20% bio-crude) and solid (24% hydrochar) biofuels during the treatment of a 15 wt% coffee pulp suspension at 320 °C and 162 bar for 1 h. At the same time, a bio-crude with a high proportion of profitable phenolic derivatives (42%) can be attained in high yield (25%) when a 5 wt% suspension is treated at 280 °C and 120 bar for 2 h. These promising results, along with the bespoke nature of this hydrothermal treatment, are a landmark achievement for the economy and sustainability of coffee producer countries, thus representing a pioneering step change towards the sustainable management of early-stage coffee leftovers.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors wish to express their gratefulness to FEDER, the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Grant Number ENE2017-83854-R) and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) (Grant Number COOPA20367) for providing financial support. Besides, Javier Remón is very grateful to the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities for the Juan de la Cierva (JdC) fellowships (Grant Numbers FJCI-2016-30847 and IJC2018-037110-I) awarded. Lorena Pedraza-Segura and Pedro Arcelus-Arrillaga would like to acknowledge the financial support of INIAT and DINV at Universidad Iberoamericana for their research.es_ES
dc.subjectCoffee by-productses_ES
dc.subjectCoffee pulpes_ES
dc.subjectHydrothermal treatmentes_ES
dc.subjectValue-added chemicalses_ES
dc.titleCaffeinating the biofuels market: Effect of the processing conditions during the production of biofuels and high-value chemicals by hydrothermal treatment of residual coffee pulpes_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commissiones_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderUniversidad Iberoamericana Ciudad de Méxicoes_ES
oprm.item.hasRevisionno ko 0 false*
dc.contributor.orcidRemón, J. [0000-0003-3315-5933]es_ES
dc.contributor.orcidRavaglio Pasquini, F. [0000-0002-3048-1090]es_ES
dc.contributor.orcidPedraza Segura, L. [0000-0002-3988-3897]es_ES
dc.contributor.orcidArcelus Arrillaga, Pedro [0000-0003-3890-0154]es_ES
dc.contributor.orcidSuelves Laiglesia, Isabel [0000-0001-8437-2204]es_ES
dc.contributor.orcidPinilla Ibarz, José Luis [0000-0002-8304-9656]es_ES
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