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Plantaricins S and T, two new bacteriocins produced by Lactobacillus plantarum LPCO10 isolated from a green olive fermentation

AuthorsJiménez Díaz, Rufino ; Ríos, Rosa M. CSIC ORCID; Desmazeaud, M.; Ruiz-Barba, José Luis CSIC ORCID
KeywordsLactobacillus plantarum
Green Olive
Issue Date1993
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 59(5): 1416-1424 (1993)
AbstractTwenty-six strains of LactobaciUlus plantarum isolated from green olive fermentations were tested for cross-antagonistic activities in an agar drop diffusion test. Cell-free supernatants from four of these strains were shown to inhibit the growth of at least one of the L. plantarum indicator strains. L. plantarum LPCO10 provided the broadest spectrum of activity and was selected for further studies. The inhibitory compound from this strain was active against some gram-positive bacteria, including clostridia and propionibacteria as well as natural competitors ofL. plantarum in olive fermentation brines. In contrast, no activity against gram-negative bacteria was detected. Inhibition due to the effect of organic acids, hydrogen peroxide, or bacteriophages was excluded. Since the inhibitory activity of the active supernatant was lost after treatment with various proteolytic enzymes, this substance could be classified as a bacteriocin, designated plantaricin S. Plantaricin S was also sensitive to glycolytic and lipolytic enzymes, suggesting that it was a glycolipoprotein. It exhibited a bactericidal and nonbacteriolytic mode of action against indicator cells. This bacteriocin was heat stable (60 min at 100°C), active in a pH range of 3.0 to 7.0, and also stable in crude culture supernatants during storage. Ultrafiltration studies indicated that plantaricin S occurred as multimolecular aggregates and that the size of the smallest active form is between 3 and 10 kDa. In sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels, plantaricin S migrated as a peptide of ca. 2.5 kDa. Maximum production of plantaricin S was obtained in a fermentor system in unregulated pH and log-phase cultures of L. plantarum LPCO10 in MRS broth plus 4% NaCl. In these culture conditions, a second bacteriocin (designated plantaricin T) was produced in late-stationary-phase cultures of L. plantarum LPCO10. On the basis of its biological activity, its sensitivity to various enzymes, and its molecular weight (lower than that of plantaricin S) as assessed in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, plantaricin T appeared different from plantaricin S. Curing experiments with L. plantarum LPCO10 resulted in the appearance of variants that no longer produced either of the two bacteriocins but that were still immune to both of them.
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