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Iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase activity and thyroid hormone content in brown adipose tissue during the breeding cycle of the rat

AutorViñas, Octavi; Giralt, Marta; Obregón, María Jesús; Iglesias, Roser; Villaroya, Francesc; Mampel, Teresa
Fecha de publicación15-oct-1998
EditorPortland Press
CitaciónBiochemical Journal 255(2): 457-461 (1988)
ResumenBrown adipose tissue iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase activity is significantly lower in 17-day pregnant rats compared with virgin controls and remains low during late pregnancy and lactation. It fully recovers with abrupt weaning, but only partially with spontaneous weaning. Even though this profile of changes is remarkably in step with the known pattern of modifications in brown fat thermogenesis during the breeding cycle, the lowered iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase activity appearing between days 15 and 17 of pregnancy occurs earlier than the reduction in brown adipose tissue thermogenesis. Brown fat 3,3',5-tri-iodothyronine content is also reduced in late pregnant, early and mid-lactating rats, most probably as a consequence of the lowered 5'-deiodination of thyroxine in situ. Acute insulin treatment increases brown fat iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase activity in virgin animals as well as in late-pregnant and lactating rats, despite the lowered basal enzyme activity levels in the latter groups. Thus an impaired response to insulin in brown fat does not appear to be a factor leading to the lowered iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase activity during late pregnancy and lactation.
Descripción5 pages, 2 tables, 1 figure.
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