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Antioxidant Capacity and Phenolic and Sugar Profiles of Date Fruits Extracts from Six Different Algerian Cultivars as Influenced by Ripening Stages and Extraction Systems

AuthorsTassoult, Malika; Edine Kati, Djamel; Fernández-Prior, África; Bermúdez-Oria, Alejandra; Fernández-Bolaños Guzmán, Juan CSIC ORCID ; Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Guillermo CSIC ORCID
KeywordsPhoenix dactylifera L.
Secondary dates
Phenolic profile
Antioxidant activity
Issue Date26-Feb-2021
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationFoods 10 (3): 503 (2021)
AbstractThe study investigated the phenols, sugar and the antioxidant capacities of date fruit extracts obtained by organic solvents and by hydrothermal treatment from six different Algerian cultivars at two ripening stages for the first time. The analyzed cultivars exhibited potent antioxidant properties (ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) scavenging capacities) and different phenols regardless of the solvents and the maturity stages. About 18 phenols were identified and quantified, mainly in the hydrothermal extracts. The earlier stages were characterized by high amounts of o-coumaric acid, cinnamic acid and luteolin, with a noticeable absence of quercetin. The tamr stage presented the highest sugar content (78.15–86.85 mg/100 mg dry weight (DW)) with an abundance of glucose. Galactose was present only in some cultivars from the kimri stage (tamjouhert). Uronic acids were mostly detected at the tamr stage (4.02–8.82 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 mg dried weight). The obtained results highlight the potential of using date fruit extracts as natural antioxidants, especially at industrial scales that tend use hydrothermal extraction.
Description16 Páginas.-- 4 Figuras.-- 3 Tablas
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