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The Influence of the Environment on Cajal--Retzius Cell Migration

AutorCeci, María Laura; López-Mascaraque, Laura; Carlos, Juan A. de
Palabras claveculture
Fecha de publicación27-abr-2010
SerieCerebral Cortex
ResumenDuring cerebral cortex development, different cell populations migrate tangentially through the preplate, traveling from their site of origin toward their final positions. One of the earliest populations formed, the Cajal--Retzius (C-R) cells, is mainly generated in different cortical hem (CH) domains, and they migrate along established and parallel routes to cover the whole cortical mantle. In this study, we present evidence that the phenotype of --Retzius cells, as well as some of their migratory characteristics, is specified in the area where the cells are generated. Nevertheless, when implanted ectopically, these cells can follow new migratory routes, indicating that locally provided genetic cues along the migratory path nonautonomously influence the position of these cells emanating from different portions of the CH. This was witnessed by performing CH implants of tissue expressing fluorescent tracers in live whole embryos. In the same way, tracer injections into the hem of Small eye mutant mice were particularly informative since the lack of Pax6 affects some guidance factors in the migratory environment. As a result, in these animals, the C-R cell population is disorganized, and it forms 1 day late, showing certain differences in gene expression that might help explain these disruptions.
Versión del editordoi:10.1093/cercor/bhp305
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