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Synergistic targeting and resistance to PARP inhibition in DNA damage repair-deficient pancreatic cancer

AuthorsGout, Johann; Perkhofer, Lukas; Morawe, Mareen; Arnold, Frank; Ihle, Michaela; Biber, Stephanie; Lange, Sebastian; Roger, Elodie; Kraus, Johann M.; Stifter, Katja; Hahn, Stephan A.; Zamperone, Andrea; Engleitner, Thomas; Müller, Martin; Walter, Karolin; Rodriguez-Aznar, Eva; Sainz, Bruno Jr. ; Hermann, Patrick C.; Hessmann, Elisabeth; Müller, Sebastian; Azoitei, Ninel; Lechel, André; Liebau, Stefan; Wagner, Martin; Simeone, Diane M.; Kestler, Hans A.; Seufferlein, Thomas; Wiesmüller, Lisa; Rad, Roland; Frappart, Pierre-Olivier; Kleger, Alexander
Issue Date2020
PublisherBMJ Publishing Group
CitationGut 0: 1-18 (2020)
Abstract[Objective]: ATM serine/threonine kinase (ATM) is the most frequently mutated DNA damage response gene, involved in homologous recombination (HR), in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).
[Design]: Combinational synergy screening was performed to endeavour a genotype-tailored targeted therapy.
[Results]: Synergy was found on inhibition of PARP, ATR and DNA-PKcs (PAD) leading to synthetic lethality in ATM-deficient murine and human PDAC. Mechanistically, PAD-induced PARP trapping, replication fork stalling and mitosis defects leading to P53-mediated apoptosis. Most importantly, chemical inhibition of ATM sensitises human PDAC cells toward PAD with long-term tumour control in vivo. Finally, we anticipated and elucidated PARP inhibitor resistance within the ATM-null background via whole exome sequencing. Arising cells were aneuploid, underwent epithelial-mesenchymal-transition and acquired multidrug resistance (MDR) due to upregulation of drug transporters and a bypass within the DNA repair machinery. These functional observations were mirrored in copy number variations affecting a region on chromosome 5 comprising several of the upregulated MDR genes. Using these findings, we ultimately propose alternative strategies to overcome the resistance.
[Conclusion]: Analysis of the molecular susceptibilities triggered by ATM deficiency in PDAC allow elaboration of an efficient mutation-specific combinational therapeutic approach that can be also implemented in a genotype-independent manner by ATM inhibition.
Description© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2019-319970
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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