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Adsorption-based Process Modelling for Post-combustion CO2 Capture

AuthorsGonzález Plaza, Marta CSIC ORCID ; Durán Vera, Inés CSIC ; Rubiera González, Fernando CSIC ORCID ; Pevida García, Covadonga CSIC ORCID
Keywordspost-combustion CO2 capture
Issue DateAug-2017
CitationEnergy Procedia 114: 2353-2361 (2017)
AbstractThe EU FP7-funded HiPerCap project aims to develop novel post-combustion CO2 capture technologies and processes which are environmentally benign and have high potential to lead to breakthroughs in energy consumption and overall cost. Three different separation technologies are being evaluated on a fair basis: absorption, membranes and adsorption. In this work, some of the results related to the development of adsorption-based fixed bed systems are presented. The design and optimization of a multibed adsorption-based separation process requires the use of powerful simulators that can describe the non-steady state process. However, prior to use a mathematical model for process design this should be validated against experimental data. A VTSA experiment has been carried out in order to provide information on the cyclic performance of a microporous biochar. The working capacity of the adsorbent is reduced due to incomplete regeneration during cyclic operation, although it stabilizes at 0.5 mol CO2 kg-1 and 0.4 mol H2O kg-1 once cyclic steady state is reached. A non-isothermal non-adiabatic dynamic model of the VTSA cycle was built in Aspen Adsorption, which makes use of the Ideal Adsorbed Solution theory to account for competitive adsorption between N2, CO2 and H2O. The model satisfactorily describes the history of the temperature of the adsorbent, the pressure, the total mass flow rate of the effluent, and the working capacity at cyclic steady state of the VTSA experiment. The validated model will be used as a starting point for process development.
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Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Comunicaciones congresos

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