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Title

Acylglycerol synthesis including EPA and DHA from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) belly flap oil and caprylic acid catalyzed by Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase under supercritical carbon dioxide

AuthorsPando, Mª Elsa; Rodríguez, Alicia; Valenzuela, Mª Antonieta; Berríos, Mª Macarena; Rivera, Matías; Romero, Nalda; Barriga, A.; Aubourg, Santiago P. CSIC ORCID
KeywordsEPA–DHA
Supercritical carbon dioxide
Acylglycerol enzymatic synthesis
Rainbow trout
MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry
Response surface methodology
Issue Date2021
PublisherSpringer
CitationEuropean Food Research and Technology A 247(2): 499-511 (2021)
AbstractSupercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2) was studied as a medium for the esterification of eicosapentaenoic acid (n-3 C20:5, EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (n-3 C22:6, DHA) and caprylic acid (C8:0, CA) in structured triacylglycerols (sTAG) using Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase as biocatalyst. Process variables (n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid: CA, n-3 LCPUFA:CA content ratio), glycerol content (wt. %), and supercritical time, temperature and pressure were optimized by the Response Surface Methodology through a central composite design of 25–1 + star. Synthesis of sTAG with EPA, DHA and CA under SCCO2 was significantly affected by the n-3 LCPUFA:CA content ratio and supercritical time. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry revealed that acylglycerols with the highest levels of EPA or DHA content in the sn-2 position were obtained when the following variables conditions were applied: 50% (n-3 LCPUFA:CA content ratio), 40 °C (supercritical temperature), 20 MPa (supercritical pressure), 4 h (supercritical time) and 20.0 wt. % (glycerol concentration). For such experimental conditions, esterification catalyzed by Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase under supercritical carbon dioxide allowed obtaining sTAG synthesized with 54.95% of CA, 11.64% of EPA and 13.77% of DHA
Description13 pages, 3 figures, 3 tables
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-020-03643-4
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/228849
DOI10.1007/s00217-020-03643-4
ISSN1438-2377
E-ISSN1438-2385
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos

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