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Polyfunctional HIV-1 specific response by CD8+ T lymphocytes expressing high levels of CD300a

AuthorsVitallé, Joana; Terrén, Íñigo; Gamboa-Urquijo, Leire; Orrantia, Ane; Tarancón-Díez, Laura; Genebat, Miguel; Leal, Manuel CSIC; Ruiz-Mateos, Ezequiel; Borrego, Francisco; Zenarruzabeitia, Olatz
Issue Date8-Apr-2020
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationScientific Reports 10: 6070 (2020)
AbstractCD300a receptor is found on different CD8+ T cell subsets and its expression has been associated to a more cytotoxic molecular signature. CD300a has an important role in some viral infections and its expression levels are known to be modulated by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)−1 infection on several cell types. The main objective of this work was to investigate CD300a expression and its regulation during HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cell responses. CD300a receptor expression was analysed by multiparametric flow cytometry on CD8+ T lymphocytes from HIV negative donors, naive HIV-1+ individuals and HIV-1+ subjects under suppressive combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cell response was studied by stimulating cells with HIV-1 derived peptides or with a Gag HIV-1 peptide. Our results showed that HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cells expressing higher levels of CD300a were more polyfunctional showing an increased degranulation and cytokine production. Moreover, we observed an up-regulation of CD300a expression after Gag HIV-1 peptide stimulation. Finally, our results demonstrated an inverse correlation between CD300a expression on CD8+ T lymphocytes and HIV disease progression markers. In conclusion, CD300a expression is associated to a better and more polyfunctional HIV-1 specific CD8+ T cell response.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63025-4
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/s41598-020-63025-4
e-issn: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:(IBIS) Artículos
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