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Lateral flow assay modified with time-delay wax barriers as a sensitivity and signal enhancement strategy

AuthorsSena-Torralba, Amadeo; Ngo, Duy Ba; Parolo, Claudio CSIC ORCID; Hu, Liming; Álvarez-Diduk, Ruslan CSIC ORCID; Bergua, José Francisco; Rosati, Giulio; Surareungchai, Werasak; Merkoçi, Arben CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2020
CitationBiosensors and Bioelectronics 168: 112559 (2020)
AbstractThe ease of use, low cost and quick operation of lateral flow assays (LFA) have made them some of the most common point of care biosensors in a variety of fields. However, their generally low sensitivity has limited their use for more challenging applications, where the detection of low analytic concentrations is required. Here we propose the use of soluble wax barriers to selectively and temporarily accumulate the target and label nanoparticles on top of the test line (TL). This extended internal incubation step promotes the formation of the immune-complex, generating a 51.7-fold sensitivity enhancement, considering the limit of quantification, and up to 96% signal enhancement compared to the conventional LFA for Human IgG (H-IgG) detection.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2020.112559
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