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Dual carbon potassium-ion capacitors: Biomass-derived graphene-like carbon nanosheet cathodes

AuthorsPham, Hong Duc; Mahale, Kiran; Hoang, Thi My Linh; Mundree, Sagadevan G.; Gómez-Romero, P. CSIC ORCID ; Dubal, Deepak P. CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2020
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 12(43): 48518–48525 (2020)
AbstractPotassium-ion storage devices are attracting tremendous attention for wide-ranging applications on account of their low cost, fast charge transport in electrolytes, and large working voltage. However, developing cost-effective, high-energy electrodes with excellent structural stability to ensure long-term cycling performance is a major challenge. In this contribution, we have derived two different forms of carbon materials from almond shells using different chemical treatments. For instance, hard carbon (HC) and graphene-like activated carbon (AC) nanosheets are developed by employing simple carbonization and chemical activation routes, respectively. The resultant hard carbon (AS-HC) and activated carbon (AS-AC) exhibit outstanding electrochemical performance as negative and positive electrodes in a potassium-ion battery (KIB), respectively, through their tailor-made surface properties. These promising benefits pave a way to construct a biomass-derived carbon potassium-ion capacitor (KIC) by employing AS-HC as the negative electrode and AS-AC as the positive electrode in a K-based electrolyte. The as-fabricated KIC delivers a reasonable specific energy of 105 Wh/kg and excellent cycling life with negligible capacitance fading over 10 000 cycles. This “waste-to-wealth” approach can promote the development of sustainable KICs at low cost and inspire their use for fast-rate K-based energy storage applications.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c12379
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
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