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Loss of fatty acid control of gluconeogenesis and PDH complex flux in adrenalectomized rats

AuthorsCiprés, Guadalupe; Urcelay, Elena; Butta, Nora CSIC ORCID CVN; Sánchez Ayuso, Matilde CSIC ORCID ; Parrilla, Roberto L.; Martín Requero, A.
Perfused liver
Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex
Pyruvate mitochondrial metabolism
Issue Date1-Oct-1994
PublisherAmerican Physiological Society
CitationAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism 267(4): E528-E536 (1994)
AbstractThis work aimed to determine the role played by the adrenal gland in the fatty acid control of gluconeogenesis in isolated perfused rat livers. The gluconeogenic substrate concentration responses were not altered in adrenalectomized (ADX) rats. This observation indicates that glucocorticoids are not essential to maintain normal basal gluconeogenic rates. In contrast, fatty acid failed to stimulate gluconeogenesis from lactate and elicited attenuated stimulation with pyruvate as substrate in livers from ADX rats. Fatty acid-induced stimulation of respiration and ketone body production were similar in control and ADX rats. Thus the diminished responsiveness of the gluconeogenic pathway to fatty acid cannot be the result of different rates of energy production and/or generation of reducing power. Fatty acids did not inhibit pyruvate decarboxylation in livers from ADX rats. Even though mitochondria isolated from livers of ADX rats showed normal basal rates of pyruvate metabolism, fatty acids failed to inhibit pyruvate decarboxylation and the activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. This novel observation of the glucocorticoid effect in controlling the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex responsiveness indicates that the mitochondrial partitioning of pyruvate between carboxylation and decarboxylation reactions may be altered in livers from ADX rats. We propose that the diminished effect of fatty acid in stimulating gluconeogenesis in livers from ADX rats is the result of a limited pyruvate availability for the carboxylase reaction due to a lack of inhibition of flux through the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.1994.267.4.E528
Identifiersdoi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1994.267.4.e528
issn: 0193-1849
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