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Catalan ethnoflora: a meta-analytic approach to life forms and geographic territories

AuthorsGras, Airy ; Parada, Montserrat; Vallès, Joan; Garnatje, Teresa
Geographic areas
Life forms
Physiographic zones
Traditional knowledge
Issue Date25-Nov-2020
PublisherBioMed Central
CitationJournal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 16: 72 (2020)
Abstract[Background]: Catalonia (in the north east of the Iberian Peninsula) is among the most prospected territories in Europe, from the ethnobotanical point of view. The aim of the present paper is to undertake a global analysis in the area considered, including plants, plant life forms, and ethnobotanical data within a physiographic and geographic framework.
[Methods]: Data from 21 ethnobotanical prospection areas in Catalonia were collected, analyzed, and compared, with the focus on plant life forms and geographic divisions.
[Results]: A total of 824 taxa constitute the Catalan ethnoflora, and 316 of them are shared by the six physiographic zones recognized in Catalonia. When three major geographic areas are considered (Pyrenean, inland, and littoral), 394 taxa have been reported in only one out of the three areas. Concerning life forms, phanerophytes and chamaephytes together, i.e., those taxa present all through the year, are the most cited (37.12%).
[Conclusions]: This first study constitutes a new approach to ethnobotanical data analysis. The results show the particular importance of plants with a large distribution area and plants with available biomass throughout the year. Apart from this, other kind of plants, e.g., those present in only one territory, are of interest for its originality and sometimes for the local significance.
DescriptionArtículo de diez páginas que contiene mapas de distribución geográfica y conclusiones estadísticas, con material adicional en su versión on-line. Los autores desarrollan su trabajo de investigación en el Institut Botànic de Barcelona (IBB, CSIC-Ajuntament de Barcelona), Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio) y Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00424-x
Identifiersdoi: 10.1186/s13002-020-00424-x
issn: 1746-4269
Appears in Collections:(IBB) Artículos
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