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Bridging the gap between national and ecosystem accounting

AuthorsCampos Palacín, Pablo ; Caparrós Gass, Alejandro ; Oviedo Pro, José Luis ; Ovando Pol, Paola ; Álvarez Farizo, Begoña ; Díaz-Balteiro, Luis; Carranza, Juan; Beguería, Santiago ; Díaz Esteban, Mario ; Casimiro Herruzo, A. ; Martínez Peña, Fernando; Soliño, Mario; Álvarez, Alejandro; Martínez-Jauregui, María; Pasalodos-Tato, María; de Frutos, Pablo ; Aldea, Jorge; Almazán, Eloy ; Concepción, Elena D. ; Mesa, Bruno; Romero, Carlos ; Serrano-Notivoli, Roberto ; Fernández, Cristina; Torres-Porras, Jerónimo; Montero González, Gregorio
Issue DateSep-2017
PublisherConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
CitationInstituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP) CSIC, Working Paper. 2017-04
AbstractNational accounting either ignores or fails to give due values to a country´s ecosystem services, products, total income and environmental asset variations. To overcome these shortcomings, we develop a spatially-explicit extended ecosystem accounting framework, which we test in the Mediterranean forests of Andalusia (Spain). This framework goes beyond the production boundary of standard national accounting by considering four private activities (forestry, hunting, residential and private amenity) and six public activities (mushroom, carbon, water, recreation, landscape and threatened biodiversity). To keep valuation consistent with standard accounts, we simulate exchange values for non-market goods and services. Manufactured capital and environmental assets are also integrated. Upon comparing extended to standard accounts, our results are 3.7 and 2.9 higher for gross value added and total income, respectively. These differences are explained primarily by the undervaluation of recreation, landscape and threatened biodiversity, and the omission of private amenity, carbon and water activities in standard accounts. Extended accounts, with their implementation of simulated exchange values, demonstrate that standard accounts measures only 17% of Andalusian forest ecosystem services.
Publisher version (URL)http://ipp.csic.es/es/workpaper/bridging-gap-between-national-ecosystem-accounting
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