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Title

Similar but different: displaying social roles of subadults in burials from the Late Pre-Pottery Neolithic site of Ba`ja, Southern Jordan

AuthorsBenz, Marion; Gresky, Julia; Alarashi, Hala
KeywordsNeolithic
Near East
Mega-Site-Phenomenon
Burial rituals
Ornaments
Néolithique
Proche-Orient
Mega-Site-Phenomenon
Rites funéraires
Ornements
Issue Date2020
PublisherEditions APDCA
CitationThe art of human appearance : from prehistory to the present day. Actes des 40es Rencontres Internationales d'Archéologie et d'Histoire : (2020)
Abstract[EN] Increasing social differentiation and the emergence of collective identities are considered to be fundamental changes brought about by Neolithisation. Commitment and loyalty – and therefore socialization within the group – became important elements in Neolithic agricultural communities. Henceforth, personal identities were probably mainly determined by the group and the ascription of social roles will have begun at quite an early age. Within the framework of the project Household and Death – Commodification and Identities in Ba`ja during the Late Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (LPPNB) of the Southern Levant, more than eighteen subadult interments in single, double and collective burials were discovered. On the one hand, these burials show striking similarities in their rituals, obviously adhering to distinct social rules, but on the other hand, there are many differences in the way the bodies are displayed and in the organization of the funerary space. Besides grave constructions of differing complexity, jewelry and so-called grave goods were used as diacritical means with which the community indicated social differences during burial rituals. The locations and associations of certain burials could be indicative of Neolithic concepts concerning social groups. We will compare the burial rituals, the appearance of the bodies and the objects within the graves to seek reasons for these differences, and thereby assess the social roles ascribed to subadults at the Neolithic site of Ba`ja.
[FR] L’augmentation de différences sociales et l’émergence des identités collectives sont considérées comme des changements fondamentaux de la Néolithisation. L’engagement et la loyauté envers le groupe – et donc la socialisation – devinrent des critères décisifs pour les communautés néolithiques. Dès lors, l’identité personnelle était probablement profondément déterminée par le groupe et l’attribution des rôles sociaux commençait sans doute dès l’enfance. Dans le cadre du projet Household and Death – Commodification and Identities in Ba`ja during the Late Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (LPPNB) of the Southern Levant, plus de dixhuit squelettes d’enfants furent découverts dans des sépultures individuelles, doubles et collectives. D’une part, ces sépulcres montrent des similitudes frappantes dans leurs rites funéraires, reflet probable de conventions sociales bien définies. D’autre part, des différences considérables relatives à la disposition des corps et à l’organisation de l’espace funéraire sont observées. Parallèlement à la construction généralement complexe des tombes, la variabilité des parures corporelles et le mobilier funéraire suggèrent une mise en scène des différences sociales des individus enterrés. La localisation et l’association de certaines tombes peuvent indiquer un concept de « groupe social » au sein de cette société néolithique. Nos études intégrales des funéraires, de l’apparence du corps et des offrandes tentent d´expliquer ces différences sociales rendues visibles au sein des inhumations d’enfants du site néolithique de Ba`ja.
DescriptionBenz, Marion; Gresky, Julia; Alarashi, Hala. "Similar but different. Displaying social roles of subadults in burials from the late Pre-Pottery Neolithic site of Ba`ja, Southern Jordan". In: H. Alarashi and R.M. Dessì (eds.). The art of human appearance : from prehistory to the present day. Actes des 40es Rencontres Internationales d'Archéologie et d'Histoire. Nice: Éditions APDCA.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/222835
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