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Zinc at the crossroads of exercise and proteostasis

AuthorsHernández-Camacho, Juan Diego; Vicente-García, Cristina; Parsons, Douglas S.; Navas-Enamorado, Ignacio
KeywordsZinc regulation
Zinc homeostasis
Skeletal muscle
Physical performance
Issue Date2020
CitationRedox Biology 35: 101529 (2020)
AbstractZinc is an essential element for all forms of life, and one in every ten human proteins is a zinc protein. Zinc has catalytic, structural and signalling functions and its correct homeostasis affects many cellular processes. Zinc deficiency leads to detrimental consequences, especially in tissues with high demand such as skeletal muscle. Zinc cellular homeostasis is tightly regulated by different transport and buffer protein systems. Specifically, in skeletal muscle, zinc has been found to affect myogenesis and muscle regeneration due to its effects on muscle cell activation, proliferation and differentiation. In relation to skeletal muscle, exercise has been shown to modulate zinc serum and urinary levels and could directly affect cellular zinc transport. The oxidative stress induced by exercise may provide the basis for the mild zinc deficiency observed in athletes and could have severe consequences on health and sport performance. Proteostasis is induced during exercise and zinc plays an essential role in several of the associated pathways.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.redox.2020.101529
Appears in Collections:(CABD) Artículos
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