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Title

ISG15 and ISGylation is required for pancreatic cancer stem cell mitophagy and metabolic plasticity

AuthorsAlcalá, Sonia; Sancho, Patricia ; Martinelli, Paola; Navarro, Diego ; Pedrero García, Coral; Martin-Hijano, Laura; Valle, Sandra; Earl, Julie; Rodríguez-Serrano, Macarena; Ruiz-Cañas, Laura; Rojas, Katerin; Carrato, Alfredo; García-Bermejo, María Laura; Fernández-Moreno, Miguel Ángel ; Hermann, Patrick C.; Sainz, Bruno Jr.
Issue Date2020
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationNature Communications 11: 2682 (2020)
AbstractPancreatic cancer stem cells (PaCSCs) drive pancreatic cancer tumorigenesis, chemoresistance and metastasis. While eliminating this subpopulation of cells would theoretically result in tumor eradication, PaCSCs are extremely plastic and can successfully adapt to targeted therapies. In this study, we demonstrate that PaCSCs increase expression of interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) and protein ISGylation, which are essential for maintaining their metabolic plasticity. CRISPR-mediated ISG15 genomic editing reduces overall ISGylation, impairing PaCSCs self-renewal and their in vivo tumorigenic capacity. At the molecular level, ISG15 loss results in decreased mitochondrial ISGylation concomitant with increased accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria, reduced oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and impaired mitophagy. Importantly, disruption in mitochondrial metabolism affects PaCSC metabolic plasticity, making them susceptible to prolonged inhibition with metformin in vivo. Thus, ISGylation is critical for optimal and efficient OXPHOS by ensuring the recycling of dysfunctional mitochondria, and when absent, a dysregulation in mitophagy occurs that negatively impacts PaCSC stemness.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16395-2
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/222247
DOI10.1038/s41467-020-16395-2
E-ISSN2041-1723
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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