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Title

Carbon nanotubes in biomedicine

AuthorsNegri, Viviana CSIC ORCID; Pacheco-Torres, Jesús CSIC ORCID ; Calle, Daniel CSIC ORCID; López-Larrubia, Pilar CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2020
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationTopics in Current Chemistry 378: 15 (2020)
AbstractNowadays, biomaterials have become a crucial element in numerous biomedical, preclinical, and clinical applications. The use of nanoparticles entails a great potential in these fields mainly because of the high ratio of surface atoms that modify the physicochemical properties and increases the chemical reactivity. Among them, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have emerged as a powerful tool to improve biomedical approaches in the management of numerous diseases. CNTs have an excellent ability to penetrate cell membranes, and the sp2 hybridization of all carbons enables their functionalization with almost every biomolecule or compound, allowing them to target cells and deliver drugs under the appropriate environmental stimuli. Besides, in the new promising field of artificial biomaterial generation, nanotubes are studied as the load in nanocomposite materials, improving their mechanical and electrical properties, or even for direct use as scaffolds in body tissue manufacturing. Nevertheless, despite their beneficial contributions, some major concerns need to be solved to boost the clinical development of CNTs, including poor solubility in water, low biodegradability and dispersivity, and toxicity problems associated with CNTs’ interaction with biomolecules in tissues and organs, including the possible effects in the proteome and genome. This review performs a wide literature analysis to present the main and latest advances in the optimal design and characterization of carbon nanotubes with biomedical applications, and their capacities in different areas of preclinical research.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s41061-019-0278-8
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/222098
DOI10.1007/s41061-019-0278-8
ISSN2364-8961
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos




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