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X-ray fluorescence analysis of ferroalloys: Development of methods for the preparation of test and calibration samples

AuthorsGómez Coedo, Aurora; Dorado López, María Teresa; Rivero, Carlos, J.; Gutiérrez Cobo, Isabel
Issue Date1994
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)
CitationThe Analyst 119(3): 421- 426 (1994)
AbstractMethods were developed with a view to evaluating various sample preparation systems for use with X-ray fluorescence techniques in order to determine the major and minor components of ferroalloys, which are used as alloy-forming elements in steel making. The methods were compared in terms of simplicity and rapidity and these parameters were assessed in relation to the accuracy and precision of the results. The samples were prepared in three formats: metal samples, by dilution with iron and remelting in an induction furnace; pellets, by direct compaction of the ground material, and beads, by alkaline melting of the pre-oxidized sample. The tests used to optimize these methods were conducted with commercial ferroalloys, previously characterized by employing wet chemical and spectroscopic methods. Reproducibility and precision studies were conducted on samples obtained using each of the three sample preparation systems. The precisions (relative standard deviations) of major element determinations were <0.8, <1.0 and <0.5% and those for minor elements were <5, <5 and <3% for metal samples, pellets and beads, respectively. The accuracy of the methods was checked by analysing reference materials of each type of ferroalloy.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/AN9941900421
Identifiersdoi: 10.1039/AN9941900421
issn:: 0003-2654
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