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Sustained primary production with changing phytoplankton assemblages in a semiarid wetland

AutorRojo, Carmen; Barón Rodríguez, María Mercedes; Álvarez Cobelas, Miguel ; Rodrigo, María A.
Palabras claveRespiration
Gross photosynthesis
Net photosynthesis
Net primary production
Chlorophyll a
Chlorophyll-specific net primary production
Fecha de publicación13-dic-2009
CitaciónHydrobiologia: 1-8 (2009)
ResumenThis study has two main objectives, the first being the determination of net phytoplankton primary production to explain the phytoplankton’s function in a wetland carbon cycle, while the second objective is to relate this function with the phytoplankton assemblage composition. The annual variation in the phytoplankton production was monitored monthly for more than a year (2007–2008) in the semiarid eutrophic, hydrologically-perturbed ‘‘Tablas de Daimiel’’ National Park wetland. The phytoplankton fraction considered in this study comprised all organisms between the size 3 and 100 lm. The total biomass of phytoplankton was obtained by counting algae and calculating their volume, while net primary production and respiration were quantified by in situ incubations with the Winkler method. The respiration ranged from undetectable to 0.07mgO2 l-1 h-1; net photosynthesis reached 0.20 mgO2 l-1 h-1. Net primary production was maximum at the end of the warm period (October 2007), and other peaks occurred at the start of summer (July 2007) or spring (March 2008). When maximum production took place, phytoplankton was mainly composed of small fast-growing chlorophytes (Tetraselmis cf. fontiana or Chlamydomonas sp.), in addition to some of the large, S-strategist algae (Peridinium umbonatum, Microcystis flos-aquae, Euglena sp.). The phytoplankton metabolism in ‘‘Tablas de Daimiel’’ was autotrophic as a whole due to changing contributions of algal groups. Only chlorophyte biomass was statistically related to net primary production. The conclusion reached is that this shallow eutrophic semiarid wetland possessed an annual net autotrophic production of phytoplankton fraction resulting from the small, fast-growing algae enhanced by hydrological perturbations that interrupted the autogenic course of S strategists.
Descripción8 pages, figures, and tables statistics.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-009-0017-1
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