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A trophic latitudinal gradient revealed in anchovy and sardine from the Western Mediterranean Sea using a multi-proxy approach

AuthorsBachiller, Eneko; Albo Puigserver, Marta CSIC ORCID CVN ; Giménez, Joan CSIC ORCID ; Pennino, Maria Grazia; Marí-Mena, Neus; Esteban, Antonio; Lloret Lloret, Elena ; Jadaud, Angelique; Carro, Belén; Bellido, José M.; Coll, Marta CSIC ORCID
Issue DateOct-2020
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationScientific Reports 10: 17598 (2020)
AbstractThis work combines state-of-the-art methods (DNA metabarcoding) with classic approaches (visual stomach content characterization and stable isotope analyses of nitrogen (δ15N) and carbon (δ13C)) to investigate the trophic ecology of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) and sardine (Sardina pilchardus) at high taxonomic and spatial resolution in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Gut contents observed are in accordance with the dietary plasticity generally described for anchovy and sardine, suggesting a diet related to the opportunistic ingestion of available prey in a certain area and/or time. Genetic tools also showed modest inter-specific differences regarding ingested species. However, inter-specific and intra-specific differences in ingested prey frequencies and prey biomass reflected a latitudinal signal that could indicate a more effective predation on large prey like krill by anchovy versus sardine, as well as a generalized higher large prey ingestion by both species southwards. In fact, both species presented lower δ15N in the northernmost area. This latitudinal gradient indicates changes in the trophic ecology of anchovy and sardine that coincide with previously described better biological conditions for fish in the southern part of the study area as well as higher landings of both species in recent years
Description18 pages, 5 figures, 6 tables, supplementary information https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74602-y
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74602-y
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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