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Title

Effect of gestational age (preterm or full term) on lipid composition of the milk fat globule and its membrane in human colostrum

AuthorsPérez Gálvez, Antonio CSIC ORCID ; Calvo, Maria V. CSIC ORCID ; Megino, Javier; Aguayo-Maldonado, Josefa; Jiménez-Flores, Rafael; Fontecha, F. Javier CSIC ORCID
KeywordsHuman colostrum
Polar lipid
Gestational age
Milk fat globule membrane
Issue Date2020
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Dairy Science 103(9): 7742-7751 (2020)
AbstractHuman colostrum is the first milk secreted by the mother after birth and constitutes the ideal food for the newborn, because its chemical composition, rich in immunoglobulins, antimicrobial peptides, growth factors, bioactive lipids, and other important molecules, is perfectly adapted to the metabolic, digestive, and immunological immaturity of the newborn. An incomplete gestational period can affect the maturity of the mammary gland and its ability to secrete milk with the proper composition for the newborn's condition. Previous studies indicate that the mammary gland modulates the profiles of bioactive lipids present in the different phases of lactation from colostrum to mature milk. Given the key role played by the polar lipids (PL) (phospho- and sphingolipids) of the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) in the immune system and cognitive development of the newborn, it is crucial to analyze whether the content and distribution of the PL are affected by gestation period. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the milk fat globule (MFG) and MFGM lipid compositions of human colostrum samples from 20 healthy preterm and full-term mothers. Lipid characterization using chromatographic techniques (gas chromatograph mass spectrometry and HPLC-evaporative light-scattering detection) revealed differences related to length of gestation in the profiles of lipid classes and fatty acid and triacylglyceride contents of colostrum. This comparative analysis leads to noteworthy outcomes about the changing roles of the PL, considering the preterm or full-term condition. We found a lack of correlation of some PL (such as phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, and phosphatidylserine) with the delivery term; these could be denoted as structural category lipids. However, sphingomyelin and phosphatidyl-ethanolamine exhibited trends to decrease in full-term colostrum, indicating that in the final stage of pregnancy specific accretion of some PL occurs, which should be denoted as a nutritional redistribution.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2020-18428
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/220071
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2020-18428
ISSN0022-0302
E-ISSN1525-3198
Appears in Collections:(IG) Artículos
(CIAL) Artículos
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