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Oxygen intercalation in PVD graphene grown on copper substrates: A decoupling approach

AuthorsAzpeitia-Urkia, Jon CSIC; Palacio, Irene CSIC ORCID; Martínez, José I. CSIC ORCID ; Muñoz-Ochando, Isabel; Lauwaet, Koen CSIC ORCID; Mompean, F. J. CSIC ORCID; Ellis, Gary James CSIC ORCID ; García-Hernández, M. ; Martín-Gago, José A. CSIC ORCID ; Munuera, C. CSIC ORCID ; López, María Francisca
Issue Date1-Nov-2020
CitationApplied surface science 529: 147100 (2020)
AbstractWe investigate the intercalation process of oxygen in-between a PVD-grown graphene layer and different copper substrates as a methodology for reducing the substrate-layer interaction. This growth method leads to an extended defect-free graphene layer that strongly couples with the substrate. We have found, by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, that after oxygen exposure at different temperatures, ranging from 280 °C to 550 °C, oxygen intercalates at the interface of graphene grown on Cu foil at an optimal temperature of 500 °C. The low energy electron diffraction technique confirms the adsorption of an atomic oxygen adlayer on top of the Cu surface and below graphene after oxygen exposure at elevated temperature, but no oxidation of the substrate is induced. The emergence of the 2D Raman peak, quenched by the large interaction with the substrate, reveals that the intercalation process induces a structural undoing. As suggested by atomic force microscopy, the oxygen intercalation does not change significantly the surface morphology. Moreover, theoretical simulations provide further insights into the electronic and structural undoing process. This protocol opens the door to an efficient methodology to weaken the graphene-substrate interaction for a more efficient transfer to arbitrary surfaces.
Publisher version (URL)
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.147100
issn: 1873-5584
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