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Mechanical characterization of sol-gel alumina-based ceramics with intragranular reinforcement of multiwalled carbon nanotubes

AuthorsRivero-Antúnez, P.; Cano-Crespo, Rafael; Esquivias, L.; Rosa-Fox, Nicolás de la; Zamora-Ledesma, C.; Domínguez-Rodríguez, A.; Morales-Flórez, Víctor
Intragranular reinforcement
Crack bridging
Issue Date2020
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationCeramics International 46: 19723- 19730 (2020)
AbstractMultiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have been widely considered for mechanical reinforcement of ceramic matrix composites. Nevertheless, the efficiency of this reinforcement strategy is under debate due to fabrication issues, such as a good homogenization or the location of the MWCNTs inside the matrix composite. Regarding this, the intragranular location of the MWCNTs has been deemed a crucial feature for optimizing the reinforcement compared to the typical intergranular placement achieved by conventional procedures. Recently, the sol-gel method has been reconsidered, as it promotes the intragranular placement of the MWCNTs. This work presents the mechanical characterization of these composites synthesized by the sol-gel method, where crack-bridging has been revealed as toughening mechanism. Finally, the conventional use of the bibliographical Young's modulus of pure alumina for the estimation of the fracture toughness is discussed, obtaining significant improvements of the fracture toughness when indentation measurements are treated by considering elastic moduli obtained by nanoindentation.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.04.285
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.04.285
issn: 0272-8842
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
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