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NLRP3 Inflammasome-Mediated Inflammation in Acute Pancreatitis

AuthorsFerrero-Andrés, Ana; Panisello-Roselló, Arnau; Roselló-Catafau, Joan ; Folch-Puy, Emma
Immune system
Issue Date29-Jul-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences 21(15): 5386 (2020)
AbstractThe discovery of inflammasomes has enriched our knowledge in the pathogenesis of multiple inflammatory diseases. The NLR pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) has emerged as the most versatile and well-characterized inflammasome, consisting of an intracellular multi-protein complex that acts as a central driver of inflammation. Its activation depends on a tightly regulated two-step process, which includes a wide variety of unrelated stimuli. It is therefore not surprising that the specific regulatory mechanisms of NLRP3 inflammasome activation remain unclear. Inflammasome-mediated inflammation has become increasingly important in acute pancreatitis, an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas that is one of the fatal diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. This review presents an update on the progress of research into the contribution of the NLRP3 inflammasome to acute pancreatic injury, examining the mechanisms of NLRP3 activation by multiple signaling events, the downstream interleukin 1 family of cytokines involved and the current state of the literature on NLRP3 inflammasome-specific inhibitors.
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