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A novel septal protein of multicellular heterocystous cyanobacteria is associated with the divisome

AuthorsSpringstein, B.L.; Arévalo, Sergio ; Helbig, Andreas O.; Herrero, Antonia ; Stucken, K.; Flores, Enrique ; Dagan, T.
Issue Date2020
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationMolecular Microbiology 113: 1140- 1154 (2020)
AbstractCyanobacteria are unique among the eubacteria as they possess a hybrid Gram phenotype, having an outer membrane but also a comparably thick peptidoglycan sheet. Furthermore, the cyanobacterial divisome includes proteins specific for both the Gram types as well as cyanobacteria-specific proteins. Cells in multicellular cyanobacteria share a continuous periplasm and their cytoplasms are connected by septal junctions that enable communication between cells in the filament. The localization of septal junction proteins depends on interaction with the divisome, however additional yet unknown proteins may be involved in this process. Here, we characterized Alr3364 (termed SepI), a novel septal protein that interacts with the divisome in the multicellular heterocystous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120. SepI localized to the Z-ring and the intercellular septa but did not interact with FtsZ. Instead, SepI interacted with the divisome proteins ZipN, SepF and FtsI and with the septal protein SepJ. The inactivation of sepI led to a defect in cell filament integrity, colony and cell morphology, septum size, nanopore formation and peptidoglycan biogenesis, and inability to differentiate heterocysts. Our results show that SepI plays a role in intercellular communication and furthermore indicate that SepI functions in the coordination of septal junction localization during cell division.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mmi.14483
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/mmi.14483
issn: 1365-2958
Appears in Collections:(IBVF) Artículos
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