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Potential of topological descriptors to model the retention of polychlorinated biphenyls in different gas chromatography stationary phases, including ionic liquid-based columns

AuthorsEscobar-Arnanz, Juan; Sanz, M. Luz ; Ros, M.; Sanz, J.; Ramos, Lourdes
KeywordsGas chromatography
Ionic liquid stationary phases
Topological descriptors
Polychlorinated biphenyls
Issue Date2020
CitationJournal of chromatography. A 1616 (2020)
AbstractThe aim of this study was to develop a statistical model based on a set of intuitive topological descriptors that will help to determine the influence of the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) structural features on the chromatographic behavior of these analytes in a variety of gas chromatographic stationary phases, including the highly polar ionic liquid (IL)-based SLB-IL76 and SLB-IL60 columns. The model was developed using the stepwise multiple linear regression method, and constructed through several levels of increasing complexity to make evident the relative influence of the selected descriptors. The proposed model was easy to implement and provided similar satisfactory results irrespective of the dependent variables used (i.e., retention index or retention time) or the chromatographic conditions applied (i.e., pseudo-isotherm and programmed temperature) for IL-based phases. The model also allowed the correct prediction of the elution order of selected PCBs in these and other less polar phases evaluated (i.e., SW-10, DB-17, ZB-5 and HT-8). To our knowledge, this is the first models based on topological descriptors described in the literature that provided a satisfactory fitting of the PCB behavior in IL-based phases. Our results indicated that the mechanism governing the chromatographic separation of PCBs in these highly polar columns showed significant differences compared with those observed in other less polar stationary phases.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2019.460844
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2019.460844
issn: 1873-3778
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